On October 14th, 2014, Mexico reported its first case of Chikungunya transmitted locally, which occurred in the southern state of Chiapas.
Local transmission means that mosquitoes in Mexico have been infected with the Chikungunya virus and people have been infected through the bite.
On January 2nd, 2015, the states with the highest number of cases were locally transmitted:
• Chiapas – 135 cases
• Guerrero- 11 cases
• Oaxaca – 7 cases
• Sinaloa – 1 case
• Sonora – 1 case
According to figures provided by the Pan American Health Organization, as of June 20th, 2014; 183,761 suspected cases were recorded and 4,676 confirmed cases in the Caribbean, so all countries that make up the region were urged to be on the alert for the presence of the virus.
According to the report from the CDC (Center for Disease Control) all of South America and part of North America will be affected by the spread of this disease and it suggests taking the following preventive measures:
• Cover the exposed portion of the skin such as the arms and legs, with long sleeves and/or pants.
• Use insect repellent.
• Using clothing treated with different laundry repellents that exist in the market.
• Protect homes with screens to keep mosquitoes away.
The main symptoms of Chikungunya fever are:
• High fever with joint pain
• Muscle aches and headaches
• Red spots or purple spots on the skin
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